Welsh, called Cymraeg (from Cymru, “Wales”) by its speakers, is an Insular Celtic idiom of the Britannic group. It has similarities with Irish, Breton and, like other Celtic languages, is an Indo-European language.
It is the indigenous language of Wales, and is the most widely spoken of the Celtic languages.
In Great Britain, it is spoken mainly in the more rural areas in the north and west of Wales, like Denbighshire, Gwynedd Merionethshire, Carmarthenshire, Anglesey, North Pembrokeshire, Ceredigion, and in parts of West Glamorgan. It is also spoken in some communities in Argentina, Australia and USA.
Welsh has always been a minority language compared to English and was recognized as official language in Wales only in 2011.
During the twentieth century a movement arose to conserve the language, promoted by the Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg, the Welsh language society, and nationalist organisations like Plaid Cymru. These organisations have preserved Welsh from extinction and still fight for its recognition as an official language next to English.
Many local newspapers are printed in Welsh, there are radio programmes in Welsh, and there is even a popular TV network which uses Welsh as its language.
However, today Welsh is spoken in Wales by only 600,000 people – no more than 20% of the population. The choice of language often depends on the subject of the conversation, as well as the age and social status of the speakers.
Like all modern Celtic languages, Welsh uses the Roman alphabet and has 28 letters, eight of which are double consonants, considered letters in their own right.
Welsh currently has a northern and southern variety, and there are forty dialects.
Does Welsh use any special characters which there might be problems displaying?
No, the language uses the Roman alphabet and there are no problems in displaying it.