Scottish Gaelic, Gàidhlig, is an Insular Celtic dialect belonging to the Goidelic group, which also includes Irish and Manx.
It has similarities with Irish, Breton and, like other Celtic languages, is an Indo-European language.
There are two main dialects of Gaelic, the northern and southern, which are geographically distinct. The southern dialect is closer to Irish than the northern, and is more inflected.
Gaelic is now spoken in Scotland by around 70,000 people, the majority of whom live in the Hebrides (particularly the Outer Hebrides), in some areas of the West Highlands and in some urban communities, for example in Glasgow.
Surprisingly, Gaelic and not English is the language which has been spoken in Scotland for the longest uninterrupted period of time.
It had its golden age in the early Middle Ages. In subsequent centuries, English pushed it back into the rural areas, until it was eventually spoken only in the Highlands. Following the depopulation of the countryside, however, significant Gaelic speaking communities settled in the cities. It was these communities that gave birth to the “Gaelic revival” at the start of this century. This has led to the foundation of university departments, publication of books and newspapers and, most recently, new media including radio, TV and websites. Gaelic must be taught to young people if it is to survive: to meet this need, there are now bi-lingual classes in elementary schools.
Does Gaelic use any special characters which there might be problems displaying?
No, the language uses the Roman alphabet and there are no problems in displaying it.