Galician or Galego (Gallego in Spanish) is a Romance language derived from Latin and ancient Galician-Portuguese, born in the Roman province which included modern Galicia, northern Portugal and areas to the east of them.
Galician is the most ancient of the Roman languages together with Italian, and precedes Castilian by around one century.
Galician was formed in the twelfth century by the assimilation of Vulgar Latin brought to the area in the second century by Roman invaders. It flourished officially throughout the Middle Ages up to the sixteenth century, during which a series of political and military setbacks were experienced by the Galicians. This led to domination by the Castilian nobility, so that Galician lost its public, official, literary and religious status until the end of the nineteenth century. In recent times the language has experienced a renaissance, and the Spanish Constitution of 1978 and the Statute of Autonomy in 1981 recognised Galician as the official language of the Autonomous Community of Galicia, together with Castilian.
Galician is currently spoken by around 3 million people in the north-eastern Spanish provinces of La Coruña, Lugo, Ourense and Pontevedra, and only partly in León, Asturias and Zamora. It is also one of the dialects of northern Portugal.
There are many efforts to promote the language internationally. Like Catalan and Basque, for example, Galician is an official language of the European Union, and Spain has agreed, since 1 January 2007, that certain secondary legislative acts will be published in Galician as well as Spanish.
Does Galician use any special characters which there might be problems displaying?
No, it uses the same characters as Spanish and there are thus no problems in displaying it.